[2] Subsequent authors moved this species to the genus Urolophus, and then to the genus Urobatis (some literature still refers to this species as Urolophus jamaicensis). ReproductionAplacental viviparity. No dorsal fin. [3], Nathan Lovejoy's 1996 phylogenetic analysis, based on morphology, found that the yellow stingray is the most basal member of a clade that also contains Pacific Urobatis species and the genus Urotrygon of Central and South America. When hunting it may undulate its disc to uncover buried prey, or lift the front of its disc to form a "cave" attractive to shelter-seeking organisms. [12] Its periscopic eyes give it a 360° panoramic view of its surroundings; each eye bears an elaborate covering or "operculum" that allows fine control over the amount of light entering the pupil. Stingray-related fatalities (in humans) are extremely rare, partly because a stingray's venom, while extraordinarily painful, isn't usually deadly -- unless the initial strike is to the chest or abdominal area. [8], The yellow stingray is found throughout the inshore waters of the Gulf of Mexico (where it is the only representative of its family)[9] and the Caribbean Sea, including Florida, the Bahamas, and the Greater and Lesser Antilles to Trinidad. 620 S. Meridian St. • Tallahassee, FL • (850) 488-4676 This species is not targeted commercially, but is probably taken incidentally by inshore fisheries throughout its range. FeedingBenthic feeder. He based his account on specimens obtained from Jamaica, though no type specimens were designated. [1], Benthic in nature, the yellow stingray inhabits coastal habitats such as bays, lagoons, estuaries, and low-energy surf zones, and has been reported from the water's edge to a depth of 25 m (82 ft). Venomous spine located just anterior to the caudal fin. Tail stout with caudal fin well developed (rounded). Biofluorescence potentially assists intraspecific communication and camouflage. From shop SerzaClo. They inhabit shallow inshore waters, where they are typically found foraging in sandy or muddy flats near coral reefs or rocky formations. Yellow stingrays are found along the Atlantic coast from North Carolina south, throughout the Gulf of Mexico and, everybody says, occasionally in the Caribbean. As they matured and began to grow too large for the habitat, they were safely transferred to the same South Carolina facility earlier this year. Pursuant to section 120.74, Florida Statutes, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has published its 2019 Agency Regulatory Plan. You can sleep across its fins quite easily; not really a good idea, but you can―that’s how expansive they are. [14] Therefore, the resting ray is well equipped to detect approaching predators, which may potentially include any large carnivorous fish such as the tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier). I would recommend a 150 and up tank size for this yellow stingray (200 gallons is preferred) They do get around 10 inches in diameter. [6] The mouth is nearly straight and contains a transverse row of 3–5 papillae on the floor. Observations indicate that round stingrays segregate by age and sex, with females residin… Off Mexico, this species occupies a salinity range of 26–40 ppt. A yellow stingray swimming over a sandy substrate. [26], Generally, yellow stingrays pay little heed to divers and can be approached closely. The yellow stingray is found throughout the inshore waters of the Gulf of Mexico (where it is the only representative of its family) and the Caribbean Sea, including Florida, the Bahamas, and the Greater and Lesser Antilles to Trinidad. Rival males may attempt to interfere with the mating pair by biting or bumping them. Included in this species are the yellow stingray, the Chilean round ray, and the Haller’s round ray. Their flattened body ends with long tail that usually contains spine and venom. And below the water, there is a world rich in marine life, big and small, from crabs and shrimp to algae, to manatees, stingrays and nurse sharks. Different families inhabit different habitats. Restored habitat remained significantly warmer than natural habitat from spring through to autumn. Though innocuous towards humans, the yellow stingray can inflict a painful injury with its venomous tail spine. This finding would render Urobatis polyphyletic, though further study is warranted to elucidate the relationships between these taxa. YELLOW STINGRAY Urobatis jamaicensis Also know as Yellow Spotted Stingray. Yellow Stingray Ecology Despite being commonly found off the coast of South Florida, there is little published scientific information on the yellow stingray (Urobatis jamaicensis). The first litter of the year (spring-summer) is larger than the second (autumn-winter), with the number of offspring increasing with the size of the female; this relationship is not observed for second litter. [13] Tracking studies have shown that it generally remains within a small home range of around 20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft), with individuals covering only a portion of the entire area on any particular day. Habitat and Behavior Commonly found along sandy beaches to the water's edge, and especially in sandy areas in and around coral reefs. Mating pair is surrounded by other males that swim around and nudge them. The yellow stingray, like all rays, is a benthic species meaning that they live at the lowest level of a body of water. Stingrays are close relatives of shark. Habitat and BehaviorCommonly found along sandy beaches to the water's edge, and especially in sandy areas in and around coral reefs. [6][7] A serrated spine is positioned about halfway along the tail. [3] The color and pattern of the yellow stingray varies significantly among individuals, though most follow one of two schemes: minute dark green or brown reticulations on a light background, or dense white, yellow, or golden spots on a dark green or brown background. The giant freshwater stingray is a big fish. [19] Like the related round stingray (U. halleri), this species sometimes uses undulations of its disc margins to excavate pits and reveal buried prey. This species was supposedly discovered by Pieter Bleeker in 185… Most stingrays are benthic fishes, which means that they live on or near the bottom. They have yellow and brown spots all over the tops of their bodies, while their undersides are white or pale yellow. - It is important to remember that tall configurations of standard tanks may not be as appropriate as longer or wide designs of equal volume. Similar to other species of rays, the round stingray lives in sandy and muddy bottoms in relatively shallow waters off beaches as well as in bays, channels, and inlets. Mouth on the underside of the head. They live in warm, shallow ocean waters where the ocean floor is sandy or muddy. [11] There is no evidence of seasonal migration, though during the spring females tend to be found closer to shore than males. One very interesting fact about this fish is how it got its name. Found to depths of ~80 feet. [12], During the day, the yellow stingray is fairly inactive and spends much time buried under a thin layer of sediment or lying motionless in vegetation. 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