Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida. Title Chickasaw Plum Plant Fact Sheet Author John M. Row and Wayne A. Geyer Subject Chickasaw plum, Prunus angustifolia, wildlife and conservation usage. Boasts flowered clusters of 5-petaled white flowers in March before the foliage emerges. Plum A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. [12], They grow around Beaver County Oklahoma and Lipscomb county Texas. The Chickasaw plum is self-pollinating; a single tree will bear fruit. This tree is quite drought tolerant, and will grow in just about any type of soil (all the while providing food for people and/or wildlife). Both can serve reasonably well as rootstocks for many domestic plum varieties - European and Japanese hybrids. On a very hot scouting trip in North Louisiana I came to a thicket of the plummy kind. Prunus americana, commonly called the American plum,[6] wild plum, or Marshall's large yellow sweet plum, is a species of Prunus native to North America from Saskatchewan and Idaho south to New Mexico and east to Québec, Maine and Florida. it looks like a peach, plum, etc. Flowering and Pollination: This typically occurs around age 3. I had to add a few store bought plums to get enough fruit, but it made a delicious, bright wine. Vibrant yellow Chickasaw Plums on the left, and on the right, a pit from a juicy, sweet plum I couldn’t resist sampling. The bark is dark brown to red-ish, and has that characteristic Prunus look to it (i.e. They flower in the spring time and will have 5 white petals. This is how Average Joe 6-pack & Mrs. Sargent, C. S. Manual of the trees of North America. But, both these native species Chickasaw plum grows 12 to 20 ft (3.7 to 6.1 m) feet tall and 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6.1 m) wide in an irregular shape. Categories: Food, Foraging, Nature, Uncategorized, Tags: Cherokee plum, chickasaw plum, Louisiana wild edible, plum identification, red plum, red wild plum, summer wild edible, wild edible fruit, wild plum, yellow plum, yellow wild plum. The trunk is up to 12" in diameter and it has rough grey bark. 1791. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The Chickasaw Plum (in my neck of the woods) will flower in the spring/late summer. It can be a bit tricky to distinguish the Chickasaw Plum from a few other wild plums. The Chickasaw Plum can be hard to distinguish from the American Plum (Prunus americiana) as well as the Flatwood Plum (Prunus umbellata). (rose) family, it reaches 12 to 20 feet tall and about as wide at maturity. It is "twiggy" in nature, and has a scaly, almost black bark. They also provide food for a variety of species. Get out and try something that you've always wanted to. The Chickasaw plum and the American plum are closely related and hybridize easily. Enjoy the fruits of your labor! Growing 20 feet tall and wide, Chickasaw plum forms a rounded mass of slender, thorny branches sprouting from a short trunk. Keywords Chickasaw plum, sand plum, sandhill plum Created Date 3 Reports are they make great jams or jellies, and pies (never tried it myself because of what else they are known to make). Most often seen in the wild as a shrub. They are known to make a pretty good plum wine, and that they did! This typically occurs around age 3. Chickasaw plums form a rounded mass of slen… Wild Plum Prunus americana Rose family (Rosaceae) Description: This is a small tree up to 25' tall. It was originally cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans [4] [5] [6] While Prunus is the classical name for European plums, angustifolia refers to its narrow leaves. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Establishment Chickasaw plum is easy to grow in almost any soil, naturally on Chickasaw Plum is usually a shrub that may grow 15 feet tall. The Chickasaw Plum’s natural inclination to turn into a thicket allows it to provide nesting habitat for a variety of wildlife such as turkeys, quail, deer, songbirds, etc. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). Microclimates are climatic conditions that are limited to small areas. The Chickasaw Plum tree (Prunus angustifolia) is a deciduous small tree (can be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub) that adapts to almost any landscape. You probably have Chickasaw plum(P.angustifolia) or American plum(P.americana). As an American tree, most local nurseries will be able to order and help with the growing ( Log Out /  Little, E. L. Checklist of United States Trees. American Plum (Prunus americana) is a short tree with leaves similar to Birch with an ovate to elliptic shape, serrated, coming to a fine point. You can see the short thicket of the Chickasaw Plum. That means… yep, you guessed it. This particular patch of choked brush was found by my father, and a hunting buddy several years ago when they were bushogging an access trail to a deer stand. It was a great source of vitamins, minerals, and sugars during the hot summer months in the South. That means… yep, you guessed it. Chickasaw plum is adapted wherever sandy soils are found and performs well when planted on heavier clay-loam soils (Kansas Forest Service, 2010). The bark is smooth and red with numerous elongated light lenticels. The Chickasaw plum and the American plum are closely related and hybridize easily. ( Log Out /  [11], It is used by many species as a larval host, including the black-waved flannel moth, the blinded sphinx, the cecropia moth, the coral hairstreak, the elm sphinx, the hummingbird clearwing moth, the imperial moth, the Io moth, the polyphemus moth, the promethea silkmoth, the red-spotted purple, the small-eyed sphinx, the spring azure, the striped hairstreak, and the tiger swallowtail. The Chickasaw Plum as it is commonly called (also called Cherokee Plum, Sandhill Plum, and probably other names) is known to be a wild plum with an interesting history. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Unless they are quite old, the diameter of the trees are not usually very large, and have a thicket like appearance. The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin. This touches on something I have been wondering about. The Chickasaw Plum can be hard to distinguish from the American Plum (Prunus americiana) as well as the Flatwood Plum (Prunus umbellata). Each spring, Chickasaw plum trees are covered with clusters of tiny, fragrant, white flowers. American plum fits that description perfectly and is a native plant that overlaps the bulk of the whitetail’s range. Chickasaw plum trees have super fragrant white flowers that grow in clusters. ( Log Out /  Honestly, I don’t give a crap which one it is, as long as the fruit tastes good, because they are all equally edible; however, the Flatwood is known to be somewhat bitter on occasion. Flowers are followed by small, cherry-like A summary of wild plums that have thorns including the American plum, Chickasaw plum, flatwood plum, Canada plum and scrub plum. [9] The species grows in dry and sandy soils, such as open woodlands, woodland edges, forest openings, savannahs, prairies, plains, meadows, pastures, and roadsides. American Plum as a Cross Pollinator. When I say thicket of plums, I mean THICKET of plums! Fruit will ripen in June, usually before the 4th of July. Many horticultural crosses have been made with American plum and other Prunus[36,44,75]. Sand plums typically begin flowering during times when they are susceptible to late frosts. Prunus angustifolia, known commonly as Chickasaw plum, Cherokee plum, Florida sand plum, sandhill plum, or sand plum,[3] is a North American species of plum-bearing tree. Sand plum trees may not freeze because the temperature in a microclim… This versatility of how The Chickasaw Plum tree can be grown makes it an excellent addition to any front yard or business landscape. [7] They ripen in late summer. Congratulations on your awesome discovery, my friend. Birds and other animals would do the rest by eating the fruit and depositing the pit (along with a little of their own fertilizer) all over the animals travel routes. They may be eaten raw and are often made into jellies. With normal lawn mowing and weed control, new trees will not appear. As the tree ages, the bark becomes scaly Loup Garou (Rougarou) – The Cajun Werewolf. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is named for one of the native peoples that harvested its fruit for fresh and dried food uses. [11] Because of its attractive bark, small leaves and thin branches, Chickasaw plum is also sometimes used for bonsai. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In areas of partial shade, it will be thinner and less dense, and each plant will be more spread out. Venison Bone Broth – Don’t Throw Out Your Bones! As with most things I seem to encounter in the outdoors, I “shoulda been there yesterday.”  However, I was able to gather up a few to munch on, and bring home to make some Wild Plum Wine. Chickasaw plum (Prunus augustifolia), sometimes called sand plum, sandhill plum or mountain cherry, grows from 3 to 10 feet … Feel free to Follow this site. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T50673310A50673313.en, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation, The University of Texas at Austin Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_angustifolia&oldid=993022964, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 11:22. There were ripe fruit still left, but I probably missed the big harvest (but I made myself a note for next year). The native peoples would eat the fruit outright, or dry it for little sugar action during the winter months. It grows best in areas with regular sunlight or areas of partial shade. growth and general appearance the tree is like the American Chickasaw Plums. Prunus is Latin for “plum,” and augustifolia means “thin leaf.” They do have a skinny leaf. Even though there weren’t lots of plums, I managed to collect a few. The fruit is eaten by various animals, and the foliage provides cover for nesting sites. The flowers have five white petals with reddish or orange anthers. Pull up a chair, grab a cold one, and enjoy. Vol. Dover Pub., Inc. New York. It’s good to hear from you, my friend. It is common throughout most of the United States, except the extreme northern states. It is listed by the USDA as an endangered species in the state of New Jersey. What was my reason for picking these little beauties, you ask? The 1/2 inch edible fruits change from red to yellow when fully ripe. WINE BABY! The fruit is larger than the average Japans and 4 to 16 times as large as Robinson or Mari- anna I must admit that I’m not even certain that I haven’t found a hybrid between the Chickasaw and American Plum. [7] Prunus americana has often been planted outside its native range and sometimes escapes cultivation. Chickasaw plums tend to bloom early in the spring before many other plants bloom, and require very little maintenance; as a result, they are often used in ornamental horticulture. The fruit is round, and under an inch in diameter (most being roughly 1/2″). The 0.5-inch-diameter fruits which follow are red, ripening to yellow, and are ex… Then the small fruits appear, turning from red to yellow as they ripen. New Plum, "Apple." PLUMS, continued. Prunus angustifolia is widespread across much of the eastern and central United States from Florida west as far as New Mexico and California, north to Nebraska, Illinois, and New Jersey, with a few isolated populations in northern Michigan. Honestly, I don’t give a crap which one it is, as long as the fruit tastes good, because they are all equally edible; however, the Flatwood is known to be somewhat bitter on occasion. ), producing P.× orthopsepalaKoehne [82,106]. Their thicket growth pattern also make them ideal to prevent soil erosion in sandy areas where other plants may not take root because of dry conditions or soil type. In the spring, the long, oval green leaves cover the An American wild plum tree doesn't exactly look like a tree, but it doesn't exactly look like a shrub, so I'm guessing that pruning has a great deal to do with your tree's appearance. It requires low to medium amounts of water to grow, and dry, sandy or loose soil. This particular patch had a deer bed under the thicket. Chickasaw plum Rosaceae Prunus angustifolia Marshall symbol: PRAN3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to lanceolate, fine rounded gland-tipped serrations, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, shiny dark green above, dull and lighter beneath. angustifoliaMarsh. It was originally cultivated by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans [4][5][6] While Prunus is the classical name for European plums, angustifolia refers to its narrow leaves. Incidentally, the Chickasaw Plum is native to Texas and Oklahoma but is naturalized through much of the United States where there are sufficient winter chill hours, such as central Florida north. This champion Chickasaw Plum of Florida made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. A handful of ripe wild Chickasaw Plums next to a green fruit. Home › Food › Wild Plum – Chickasaw Plum – Prunus Augustifolia, By greatoutdoordinary on July 24, 2018 • ( 2 ). Not this year! The plums are cherry-like and tend to be quite tart until they fully ripen. The Chickasaw will be roughly 5 to 15 feet tall (some get taller but most are short). There were still a few green fruit despite being later in the year. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. To quote Benjamin Franklin “beer is proof that God loves us and wants us to be happy.” I’m sure the same can be said of wild plum wine. A rugged native, the American plum tree (Prunus americana) and its cultivars cross pollinate Japanese plum trees … They are great to eat right off of the tree as a raw fruit. The trees can grow up to twenty-five feet tall, but their average range is six to twelve feet tall. I’ve been on that property many times during the spring and summer, but every time I went it was either blooming or the birds and other critters had cleaned out all the plums. 934p. The fruit can be anywhere from bright yellow (as were all of the fruits from this thicket) to red. They are often found growing wild along highways, especially in the southern part of the United States. American plum (Prunus americana Marsh.) This plant is known to have been intentionally spread by various Native American trips to increase its range, and provide them with a greater abundance of this sweet summer treat. Protect your trees with tubes, cages, wraps, or fences. This champion Chickasaw Plum of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Chickasaw plum definition is - a native American shrub or small tree (Prunus angustifolia) that has red or yellowish cherrylike fruit and has given rise to several cultivated varieties in the southern U.S.. USDA Forest service. Pretty much any state where it can get enough chill hours to produce fruit, but doesn’t get turned into a plum-cicle every year is where it will take hold. Turning Natures Bounty Into Booze! Like all fruit trees, deer love to eat American plum trees' buds and leaves, while voles like to chew the young bark in the winter. Wild Plum and Chickasaw Plum Wild Plum and Chickasaw Plum Wild Plum Commonly growing as large, dense, thorny thickets with smooth grey bark, the wild plum can grow to a tree up to 15 feet (4,5 m) high with a main stem up They are sweet with a little tang from the skin. I hope this site helps to inspire you to get out and experience God's creation and all of its wonders. Its branches are reddish with thorn-like, small side branches. This particular tree loves sandy soil, but will grow just about anywhere it is allowed to establish, and get full to mostly full sun. His friend squished one, tasted it, and went wide eyed because it was sweet and a little tart! It has a stout short trunk and widely spreading to ascending branches. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. tree). In sunny areas, it will be more dense and colonize thickly. My kind of foraging! Besides selecting plants for fruit size and crop load, you may also want to consider selecting plants that have later flowering and fruiting traits. American plum is most closely related to and hybridizes naturally with Chickasaw plum (P. I wholeheartedly agree—it isn’t every day you can find something wild that you can actually turn into booze. The Chickasaw Plum is a wild native plum that will grow as a single tree or form a thicket if left unmanaged. Microclimate effects should be taken into consideration. American plum ( Prunus americana ) is a deciduous fruit-bearing shrub to small tree (15 to 25 feet tall) that is winter hardy, has a broad crown and, most importantly, is thicket-forming. ( Log Out /  Washington, D.C. 1979. Chickasaw plum (Prunus angustifolia) is a plum native to the southern United States and is hardy from USDA Zones 6-9.A member of the Rosaceae (rose) family, it reaches 12 to 20 feet tall and about as wide at maturity. P. angustifolia is very difficult to distinguish from Prunus umbellata, with which it hybridizes easily.[8]. If we find a plum tree in the wild that produces fruit that looks like Chickasaw Plums or American Plums, aren't we actually looking at a unique tree that is almost always a Sand or Chickasaw Plum Jam and Jelly Ingredients: 4 pints of Sand Plums 12 Cups Sugar, divided into 7 cups and 5 cups 2 packages powdered pectin Directions: Wash all … Weekend Warrior enjoy their free time in the outdoors between jobs, kids, and all of the craziness of life. It was known to have been cultivated by Native Americans even before the discovery of the Americas and subsequent colonization by Europeans. They noticed little golden colored balls in the trees. Change ). Bartram, W. The flowers bloom on the previous year’s wood and are especially dramatic since they appear before the trees puts out new leaves. The tart plums can be eaten fresh or turned into tasty jelly, and they’re also enjoyed by wildlife. Antifa Leader Pulls Gun on Police and is Killed *VIDEO*, 7 Reasons Theodore Roosevelt Is A Badass of the Outdoors, How to Skin an Alligator (for Belly Skin Leather), Follow Greatoutdoordinary on WordPress.com. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. hybridizes naturally with P. angustifolia to produce P. × orthosepala Koehne.[10]. I couldn’t reach the center branches of the thicket, so I climbed underneath and shook each tree to collect only the ripest fruits from the ground. 2nd Ed. In February, March, April and May, small white flowers blossom, 0.3–0.4 in (8–10 mm) wide, along with red plums, up to 1 in (25 mm) long. Notice the “thin leaf” that gives this plant the name augustifolia. Prunus angustifolia, known commonly as Chickasaw plum, Cherokee plum, Florida sand plum, sandhill plum, or sand plum, [3] is a North American species of plum-bearing tree. In spring, before the one and a half to three-inch-long leaves appear, Chickasaw plum is festooned with small, white, fragrant flowers which make the trees quite decorative in the presence of other trees which are often still dormant. The pictures for this article were taken June 13th, and I was a little late. II. You can find plums in the wild which display some characteristics of each and can be impossible to identify. Growth Characteristics of the Chickasaw Plum. 1965. Branches are reddish with thorn-like, small side branches – Prunus augustifolia by! 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