It provides employment to a vast segment of craftsman in rural and semi urban areas and generates substantial foreign exchange, while preserving its cultural heritage. Physical description. Their robust, bamboo like properties give them desired durability and long lasting sustainability. The Handicraft sector has, however, suffered due to its being unorganized, with the additional constraints of lack of education, low capital, and poor exposure to new technologies, absence of market intelligence, and a poor institutional framework. Elephant grass is used for the manufacture of paper, oil, biogas and charcoal. Dyestuffs belonging to chemical class of Direct, Reactive, Acid, etc. elephant grass In an overgrown abandoned lot at a street corner in Pisté, 12-ft-tall (3.7m) bunches of grass are surprisingly green here in the dry season, as shown below: Overtopping the stems and blades the slender, spikelike inflorescences bend in the wind, as seen below: Copyright © 2020. It is native to Africa but is now grown in many tropical countries. The handicraft sector in Basketry is evolving and creating products according to today's consumer demands. The rapid growth, low mineral content, and high biomass yield of Miscanthus increasingly make it a favourite choice as a biofuel , outperforming maize (corn) and other alternatives. This art is a major source of income for many artisans. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. The culture media consisted of mixtures of wheat bran and elephant grass. In East Africa, Elephant grass is commonly used as fodder for cattle and buffaloes in dairy farms. It is also known as. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Buntot-pusa, Pennisetum purpureum, NAPIER GRASS, Xiang cao - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies. It is also known as Napier grass and scientifically termed as Pennisetum purpureum, a species of tropical African grasslands which is also found in many parts of Australia, America and Asia. In some cases, one part of the plant may be edible while another may be toxic. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. The Elephant grass is woven by following process: - Each stalk of straw is split vertically in half, - Two split lengths are rolled and twisted tightly to form a strong strand, - Strands are pre-wetting with suitable wetting agent, - Dyeing with a suitable natural or synthetic dye in a pot, - Weaving as per requirement of basket design and size, - Trimming off remaining | extruding straw from the basket. There are many Elephant Grass benefits and uses. For achieving uniform and level dyeing effect, it is generally recommended to first boil the grass strands in a powerful wetting agent like RUCOGEN WBL (dosage -1 g/l) for 30 min to make then thoroughly wet. This ancient herbal knowledge is still being used by many doctors for curing health issues. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. Woven baskets, mats and hats constitute a small but important part of handicraft textiles. Apart from being used for traditional animal feed, this grass finds many uses like pest management, improving soil fertility, protecting arid land from soil erosion, paper pulp production, making handicraft articles and for producing bio-fuel. Elephant Grass Benefits are: Aesthetic Uses: Not Used For Aesthetic Purpose. One elephant has been observed to graze by kneeling on its front legs, raising on its hind legs and taking in grass with its lips. 1. If you are planning to have Elephant Grass in your garden, we provide you with all Elephant Grass uses and Elephant Grass Facts. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. STORIES This blog is my vehicle to share all the compelling things that I hold so dear about Africa with you. Elephant Grass was created to spread the vibrant, colorful traditions of Africa across the globe. 2. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Elephants are grayish to brown in color, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. 3. ClassificationVarieties of Elephant grass are available in nature and their chemical composition varies from region to region and also depends on the time of harvesting. They are found most often in the savannas, grasslands, and forests of Africa and Asia. Elephant grass is often cultivated as windbreak and firebreak. It has low water and nutrient requirements, and therefore can make use of otherwise uncultivated lands. Paras and G. Varshneya, handicraft challenges and opportunities, www.fibre2fashion.com. Basketry is one of the oldest and universally practiced art forms to produce useful and artistically beautiful objects. Overall, the employment in Indian handicraft segment is expected to reach 80 lakhs by the end of 2017 which at present is estimated at 67 lakh. Hybrid grass contains about 10.2% crude protein and 30.5% crude fibre which make it high-quality forage for cattle. These are African Loxodonta africanus, and Asian elephants Elephas maximus.. Trunk. The unorganised sector dominates this market. In India, hybrid elephant grass varieties are also available which are more leafy, fine textured, palatable, fast growing and drought resistant than normal Elephant grass. Humans are dependent on plants. Elephant grass i… What are the uses of elephant grass? The views and opinions of the authors who have submitted articles to Fibre2fashion.com belong to them alone and do not reflect the views of Fibre2fashion.com. If you wish to reuse this content on web, print or any other form, please seek for an official permission by writing to us on editorial@fibre2fashion.com. It is a Spring planted non-invasive, perennial 2nd generation Bio-energy grass that grows up to 3 metres tall. Napier grass commonly known as elephant grass is an important fodder in Uganda and has been increasingly associated with intensive (stall-feeding/zero grazing) and … Whether elephant grass is the long-term and sustainable solution still remains to be seen. Am., 2010, 1(5): 923-929. Generally, Elephant grass harvesting within 60 to 90 days yields material having highest content of crude protein, cellulose, he. Overall, the employment in. Hybrid grass contains about 10.2% crude protein and 30.5% crude fibre which make. Elephant grass, as implied by its name, is an important source of forage for elephants in Africa (Cook et al., 2005). It can be leaves, fruits, flowers, stem, seeds or the roots too. This art is a major source of income for many artisans. The handicraft sector plays a significant role in the home textile products and the country's economy. Its growth pattern is repeated every year for the lifetime of the Miscanthus crop, and this annual cane harvest provides an annual income to the farmer at minimal cost, with little or nothing to do, bar harvesting. Although the crude fiber is high and the protein is low. These baskets are ideal for shopping, storage and decoration. Artisans have preserved their traditional skills over many generations to produce elegant yet strong woven baskets for both functional and decorative use. Ltd. Woven baskets, mats and hats constitute a small but important part of. Uncontrolled growth of elephant grass can clog waterways and induce floods. Moreover, the new generation of artisans can get different and new innovative ideas which can uplift their economic standard. * Please click on bar to drill down and up. It is also known as elephant grass. Elephant Grass Elephant Grass Bioplastics. Beside beauty benefits and aesthetic uses, there are some additional uses of the plant, which can be beneficial to know and improve its usability. Subscribe today and get the latest information on Textiles, Fashion, Apparel. The Indian home textile market of Rs.17,000 cr in 2010 is expected to grow at CAGR 9 % and reach Rs.40,000 cr by 2020. Product diversification and making it contemporary will provide greater satisfaction to the craftsmen. Varieties of Elephant grass are available in nature and their chemical composition varies from region to region and also depends on the time of harvesting. 4 Comments. Napier grasses improve soil fertility, and protect arid l… It has been widely planted as a windbreak and is still recommended as a highly productive tropical forage grass. Tag Archives: Elephant Grass Miscanthus: Reducing the Establishment Costs By John O’Loughlin | March 15, 2020 - 1:14 am | March 16, 2020 Agriculture, Biomass Energy. Napier grass is not native to Florida. and can also be blended with cotton or other suitable material. TULACID - Acid dyes having excellent uniform level dyeing and optimum fastness properties. Khan, Z. R., Midega, C. A. O., Wadhams, L. J., Pickett, J. Elephant Grass medicinal uses are: Eye Problems, Headache, Skin Disorders and Wounds. The specific advantages of this grass are, Environmentally friendly renewable source. Elephant grass can be grazed, provided it can be kept at the lush vegetative stage: livestock tend to feed only the younger leaves (FAO, 2015). Suggesting that you use it as mulch is short-sighted: if you lay a stalk of elephant grass on the ground, it roots. Other uses of this plant are: Food for animals and Used As Food. The uniqueness of these baskets is that they can be "re-shaped" by wetting them with water and then "massaging them back to original shape with open hand. Baskets are part of the heritage of almost all ancient civilisations and their construction and variety make them desirable decorative home textiles. Generally, the plants which posses some medicinal uses fall under List of Herbs. Because it needs little water and nutrients. The information provided on this website is for educational or information purposes only. NNRGY uses the grass needed for production by growing it locally on unused land, which is not suitable for food crops owned by the plastics processor with whom the company collaborates to manufacture its products. Elephant grass is mainly used in cut-and-carry systems (\"zero grazing\") and fed in stalls, or made into silage or hay. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. We wish you Good Health. Still, it is good to know the medicinal uses of all plants in your garden, even if they are not a part of herbs. This helps improve surface absorbency as well as core penetration during subsequent dyeing. Basket making craft is a traditional heritage providing employment and earning capability to a large number of craftsman from rural area. It is particularly suited to feed cattle and buffaloes. Fibre2fashion.com does not endorse or recommend any article on this site or any product, service or information found within said articles. An elephant's most obvious part is the trunk. Elephant grass is already being considered out as a viable source of biofuel and a potential replacement for coal in some European power stations. can be used for dyeing of Elephant grass. A., and Mumuni, A., Evaluation of Napier grass varieties, Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 2007, 124, 201-211. After completion of dyeing the strands are given a cold wash followed by dyefixing treatment (optional) under acidic pH conditions for 30 min at room temperature and finally air dried. It is C4 plant and can grow well in marginal land. But this sector is still unorganised and decentralised. The aforementioned clip was tweeted by Sheldrick Wildlife, and it shows an orphaned baby elephant, named Naleku, munching on grass. Someone might wonder What is Elephant Grass or how it is useful? Therefore, it is very important to know the uses of plants. Cenchrus purpureus, synonym Pennisetum purpureum, also known as Napier grass, elephant grass or Uganda grass, is a species of perennial tropical grass native to the African grasslands. The grass grows tall … Basket making craft is a traditional heritage providing employment and earning capability to a large number of craftsman from rural area. Elephant, largest living land animal, characterized by its long trunk, columnar legs, and huge head with temporal glands and wide, flat ears. Hence, you should know which part of the plant is used for a particular need. elephant grass uses. Considering factors like brightness of shade, surface levelness, dye diffusion inside fibre core, ease of application, simplicity of process and adequate fastness properties (wet and light fastness as the dye should not bleed or fade during handling and use of baskets, mats and hats), Acid and Metal complex dyes are found to score over other class of dyes. 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